In verses 1 to 9 of the Book of Haggai, the Jews who have returned to the Land, from their exile in Babylon, are told that the time has come to rebuild the Lords Temple.
Haggai 1:10-11 It is your fault that the heavens withhold their rain and the earth it’s produce. Because you have neglected the Lords House.
Haggai 1:13 so Haggai, the Lords messenger, said to the people; I am with you, says the Lord.
Haggai 2:4-5 Now, Zerubabbel, take heart, says the Lord – take heart, Joshua the High priest, take heart, you people. Begin the work, for I am with you and My spirit remains among you. Do not be afraid. [start building the 2nd Temple]
Haggai 2:6-8 For these are the words of the Lord; In a little while, I shall shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and the land. I shall shake all the nations and their treasure will come here. Mine is the silver and the gold.
Haggai 2:9 The splendour of the latter Temple will surpass that of the former. In this place I will grant prosperity and peace.
[these 2 verses are unfulfilled prophesy, as at that time, the shaking did not happen, the treasure of the nations did not come and the 2nd Temple did not exceed the splendour of the 1st, therefore this applies to the 3rd Temple, yet to come.]
Haggai 2:10-14 On the 24th day of the 9th month……The Lord says that whatever offering that this people and nation [Judah] make here, is defiled in My sight.
Haggai 2:18 On the 24th day of the 9th month….The day the foundations of the Temple were laid.
Haggai 2:19 Will your crops fail? Not so, from this day I shall bless you.
Haggai 2:20-21 On the 24th day of the 9th month..…This is the word of the Lord; Tell Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah;I shall shake the heavens and the earth; I shall overthrow Kings, break the power of heathen realms and destroy armies.
Haggai 2:23 On that Day, says the Lord, I will take you, Zerubbabel, My servant and wear you like a signet ring for it is you whom I have chosen.
[perhaps Zerubbabel is the one mentioned in Jeremiah 30:21.]
This book of Haggai, the prophet, tell how the Jews who had returned from Babylon were motivated to rebuild the Temple.
The shaking and overthrowing mentioned, describes very well the Day of the Lords vengeance, which will happen when a future attack is launched upon Israel.
What is most interesting, is the date, repeated three times; the 24th day of the 9th month. Which is the Jewish festival of Erev Chanukka (1st candle) In the Gregorian calendar, this is usually in December.
Reference, REB, NIV. Abridged.